Laws and Policies That Support Safe and Welcoming Schools

Produced by the HRC Foundation

Did you know that…

  • Federally funded schools are legally obligated to allow students to create Gay-Straight Alliances without creating additional barriers under the Equal Access Act?
  • Schools cannot legally prevent students from discussing same-sex families?
  • Some states have laws that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity?
  • There are legal protections for transgender and non-binary students?

It is essential to know supporting laws and policies in your state when advocating for changes to ensure respect for all students and families.

With the facts, administrators and educators can move forward knowing that providing safe, welcoming and respectful schools is their legal responsibility.

  • Federal Protections
    • Federal laws
    • Constitutional protections
    • Federal agency guidance
    • Relevant federal cases and settlement agreements
  • State Protections
    • State anti-bullying and harassment laws
    • Non-discrimination laws for students and educators
  • School District Protections
    • Anti-bullying policies
    • Non-discrimination policies
    • Model policies for transgender and gender-expansive students
    • Student suicide prevention policies
    • Best practices for discipline


An Overview of Laws and Policies that Support Safe and Welcoming Schools

Download Safe Schools Legal Overview

The Human Rights Campaign reports on news, events and resources of the Human Rights Campaign Foundation that are of interest to the general public and further our common mission to support the LGBTQ+ community.